Products and components
Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) is native from Finland to Romania and east to the Ural Mountains. It was first cultivated in northern Europe during the Bronze Age. The seeds were crushed and boiled to release oil for food, medicinal use, and lamp oil. It is still a relatively common weed in much of Europe, known as false flax or gold-of-pleasure.
Although it was widely grown in Europe and Russia until the 1940s, camelina was largely displaced by higher-yielding crops after World War II. Its decline in Europe was accelerated by farm subsidy programs that favored the major commodity grain and oilseed crops.
EM 8953-E • January 2008
In recent years, camelina production has increased somewhat due to heightened interest in vegetable oils high in omega-3 fatty acids (a principal component of camelina oil). Very little plant breeding or crop production improvement has been done on camelina, so the full potential of this crop has not yet been explored.
Camelina oil can be used in both edible and industrial products. Reported seed oil content ranges from 29 to 41 percent. There is considerable variation in oilseed content among camelina plants from wild collections and old European varieties, and varieties with higher oilseed content are under development.
Because camelina oil is relatively high in omega-3 fatty acids and low in saturated fatty acids, camelina is considered a high-quality edible oil. The oil also contains gamma-tocopherol (vitamin E), which acts as an antioxidant and increases the stability and shelf life of camelina oil compared to other omega-3 oils. Additionally, The erucic acid (22:1) content of many camelina oil samples is higher than the maximum allowed in canola oil (2 percent), but camelina breeding lines have been identified that have no erucic acid, and lower erucic acid lines are being developed.
Camelina is being marketed in Europe in salad dressing and as cooking oil (it is not suitable as a deep-fat fry oil). It is also used in cosmetics, skin care products, soaps, and soft detergents. Additionally,the oil has been used successfully as an adjuvant in agricultural spraying applications and is suitable for biodiesel. Camelina meal is low in glucosinolates and has been used in animal feed rations. Camelina meal is similar to soybean meal, with 45 to 47 percent crude protein and 10 to 11 percent fiber.
Why Equine Supplement
The Center for Biological Diversity has found that traditional pasture grazing has significant negative impacts on local biodiversity. Additionally, nutrient deficiencies caused by a lack of biodiversity is common in pasture grazing equine and livestock due to widespread environmental degradation1. This creates limited availability of vitamin E intake which is associated with White Muscle Disease and autoimmune deficiencies in equine and livestock.
Proper supplement nutrition such as the vitamins found in Excel Supplements has been found to beneficially compensate for the lack of vitamins in traditional pasture grazing by veterinarians and researchers.2 Additionally, maslinic acid is a principal source of fat found in the Mediterranean diet. Furthermore, the beneficial effects found in its consumption include protection against DNA damage, tumors, inflammation, and cardioprotective properties.3
Camelina oil and meal are a relatively new food and feed ingredients, meaning there are no current commercial uses approved for camelina or any camelina products in the United States. Camelina meal is currently undergoing tests to receive FDA approval for animal feeding in this country. Initial animal feeding trials with camelina meal show increases in omega-3 levels in animal products. Excel Supplements utilizes top of the line Camelina Sativa Seed Oil to bring you Excel EQ. Use Cases of Excel Supplement in Equine and Livestock:
- Emmett Ridge Farm
- Quarter Horse Ranch
- Walker Equisport Performance Horses
- River Winds Farm & Estate
- Bridle Path Tack Kingston
Supplement intake is generally safe, but research is still ongoing with regard to what health effects dietary supplements have. Evidence of health effects of supplements comes largely from prospective cohort studies which evaluate health differences between groups that take supplements and groups that do not. Correlations between supplement intake and health found by such studies may not result from supplements themselves but may reflect underlying characteristics of supplement-takers. The Office of Dietary Supplements of the United States National Institutes of Health, the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate of Canada, and the Therapeutic Goods Administration of Australia alongside public and private research groups maintain research databases that provide evidence-based reviews, population studies, and ingredient databases available to the public.
- Essential nutrient
- Food fortification
- Megavitamin therapy
- Dietary Supplements (database) (PubMed)
- Alternative Medicine
- Questions to Ask Before Taking Vitamin and Mineral Supplements, Nutrition.gov
- Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets, NIH Office of Dietary Supplements.
1.Society H. An HSI Report: The Impact of Animal Agriculture on Global Warming and Climate Change. Humane Society International; 2011:27. https://www.humanesociety.org/sites/default/files/docs/hsus-report-agriculture-global-warming-and-climate-change.pdf. Accessed May 14, 2019.
2.Peyraud JL. Effects of Feeding Camelina (Seeds or Meal) on Milk Fatty Acid Composition and Butter Spreadability. Science Direct. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030207719835. Published on November 1, 2007. Accessed May 14, 2019.
3.Dharmesh S. Maslinic Acid Enhances Signals for the Recruitment of Macrophages and Their Differentiation to M1 State. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4364129/. Published March 4, 2015. Accessed May 14, 2019.