We did the research, so you could have the results!
Blood lactate is one of the most often measured parameters during clinical exercise testing as well as during performance testing of athletes both human and equine alike. During exercise, the body uses oxygen to break down glucose for energy. During intense exercise, there may not be enough oxygen available to complete the process. At this exercise intensity the body can convert lactate to energy without using oxygen. However, reverting to this pathway, lactate builds up in the bloodstream faster than it is burned off. While an elevated blood lactate may be indicative of ischemia or hypoxemia, it may also be a “normal” physiological response to exertion. Thus, the blood value is a good marker of exercise tolerance and exertion. A “good” or “trained” athlete will exhibit a lower lactate than a “poor” or “untrained” athlete at any absolute intensity above resting (Goodwin et al, 2007).
This pilot study was performed to assess the benefit of supplementing an omega-3 rich supplement, Excel ProElite oil, to endurance athletes using lactate blood values for measuring fitness. Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of essential fatty acids with many biological activities. These fatty acids are incorporated into cell membranes, changing their structural and functional characteristics. There is some evidence in people that an increased concentration of omega-3 fatty acids in muscle cell walls trigger higher elasticity, flexibility and lower risk of physical damage to muscle tissue during exercise (Lembke et al, 2014). Omega-3 fatty acids also modulate inflammatory responses at different levels in cellular metabolism. ProElite, is a camelina-based omega-3 oil supplement with the addition of olive triterpenes for additional antioxidant support.
To gather data before and after ProElite oil supplementation in equine endurance athletes by comparing pre and post-race blood lactate values.
Methods and Materials:
Three horses of Arabian breeding were used to study the effects of Excel ProElite oil supplementation on the metabolic response during endurance race competition. At race 1, all three horses were naive to omega-3 supplementation. Following completion of race 1, the study horses were fed 2 ounces of Excel ProElite oil each day during the 6-week period between race 1 and race 2. Two horses competed at a distance of 25 miles at both races and one horse competed at a distance of 50 miles at both races. The location was the same for race 1 and race 2 although some differences in course did exist. Blood lactate values were pulled at vet-in, approximately 12 hours prior to racing and again upon completion of the races, between 3-4 hours post finish time.
Lactate values were positively affected by omega-3 oil supplementation. At race 1 the post-lactate values were higher than the pre-race values by an average of 0.3mmol/L, indicating an increase in muscle exertion. After 6 weeks of ProElite supplementation, post-race blood lactate values were on average 0.1mmol/L less than pre-race values which is an excellent indication of optimal endurance health. Blood lactate is a value commonly used to assess athletic condition. The improvement noted in all 3 horses’ lactate recovery values during race 2 was an impressive feat, and indicative of good conditioning and an excellent metabolic state.
Results of this study suggest that addition of ProElite oil to the diet alters exercise metabolism in conditioned horses in a positive fashion. This study demonstrated that after 6 weeks of supplementation with ProElite oil, endurance horses were able to speed up the dissipation of lactic acid in the bloodstream as compared to racing without prior supplementation.
Goodwin, M. L., Harris, J. E., Hernández, A., & Gladden, L. B. (2007). Blood lactate measurements and analysis during exercise: a guide for clinicians. Journal of diabetes science and technology, 1(4), 558–569. doi:10.1177/193229680700100414
Lembke, P., Capodice, J., Hebert, K., & Swenson, T. (2014). Influence of omega-3 (n3) index on performance and wellbeing in young adults after heavy eccentric exercise. Journal of sports science & medicine, 13(1), 151–156.
Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of essential fatty acids with many biological activities. These fatty acids are incorporated into cell membranes, changing their structural and functional characteristics. Omega-3 fatty acids modulate inflammatory responses at different levels while offering significant calories to replace concentrate feed. Epiphysis and OCD formation have been linked to excessive concentrate rations in growing horses, thus omega-3 fat supplementation is an excellent calorie replacement alternative. ProElite, is a camelina based
oil supplement with the addition of olive triterpenes for additional anti-oxidant support. This pilot study was performed to assess the benefit of feeding Excel ProElite oil to sales prep weanlings.
To gather concrete data comparing weanling thoroughbred race horses prepped with and without ProElite oil supplementation.
Methods and Materials:
Nine weanlings were randomly selected from a single consignor. Excel ProElite was
supplemented at 3 amounts (1 ounce, 2 ounces, and 3 ounces per day) over the course of 30 days prior to sale at the November Keeneland breeding stock sale. Findings were then compared to average values for all horses of the same consignor.
According to our findings, weanlings supplemented with ProElite oil outweighed the average of the consignor’s horses by an increase of about 1 percentage point. Improvement in general muscle tone along top line and gluteal muscle bodies was appreciated in 7/9 horses supplemented with ProElite oil. Improvement was most notable in weanlings with poor presentations at the beginning of the study. Hoof growth at the coronary band was vastly improved in one weanling that originally presented with dry, cracked hooves. Skin lesions noted at the start of the study in one subject completely healed by the 30 day mark. No significant differences in weight gain results were seen between weanlings and the differing amounts of oil supplemented. It is possible that there is a limit on how much omega-3 can be absorbed and integrated in the horse’s plasma, and higher doses of supplementation may not confer additional health benefits.
Results of this study support supplementation of weanling horses for weight gain and improved muscling at a dosage of 1-2 ounces per day.
Committed to Clean Sports
Clean sports acts have been initiated in both the racing and sport horse industries and in an effort to stay committed to all competition athletes, Excel Supplements™ will provide the following results to our patrons:
- Blood samples from 2 horses currently on 2-4 ounces of daily Excel ProElite™ for longer than a 1 month duration.
Samples will be sent to the Center for TOX Services, INC, a testing laboratory in Tempe, AZ that is ISO 17025 accredited by the racing medication and testing consortium.
Results will be published on our website.
Excel Supplements™ utilizes its own oil seeds, has direct relationships with our growing farms, and the processing of our oils is performed in facilities free from contamination of any prohibited or forbidden performance substances. In light of heightened regulatory considerations, we are taking the extra step of providing this information about our “clean” product to the general public and for any future reference needs.
Please direct any questions regarding our testing procedure to our veterinarian, Dr. Julie Vargas, at: DrJulie@ExcelSupplments.com
What makes us different?
Our proprietary blend of natural oils contains up to 45% of the valuable omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and provides a unique balance of omega-3, 6 and 9 fatty acids. The favorable fatty acid profile, along with important antioxidants, polyphenols and sterols, support the production of anti-inflammatory compounds for increased vitality and health of your animal.
The bio-availability of Excel Supplements™ ensures that these essential components directly benefit your animal. Natural vitamin E, which is more easily utilized by the body than synthetic forms, together with polyphenols act as antioxidants for longer shelf life and extra health benefits.